Hartwell Town Forest is wooded town land crisscrossed by trails. The front half of the Forest is dry and easily navigated. We typically only explore the back half in winter when frozen, or covered with deep snow (necessitating snowshoes). Bedford’s first and largest conservation area supports diverse wildlife, has a history of use for its natural resources, and contains a network of trails for hiking and cross-country skiing. The upland forest is dominated by mature eastern white pine and an understory of buckthorn, beech, alder, and white pine seedlings and saplings. Great horned owls, pileated woodpeckers, and many other birds nest here. At dusk, visitors may see deer, raccoon, gray fox, and coyote.